History

Wicca is a Neo-Pagan religion that was inspired by the many
pre-Christian religions throughout the world. Its name derived from an old  European
language meaning Wise (wit). Witches (people of
wit) and Midwives were considered
Wise ones for they were the people to go to during pregnancy, about family issues, when
someone was ill, or for life coaching. Wise women, and Wise men, in those days, were
the family doctors, psychologists and family counselors. They prepared herbal brews for
healing and made a person feel good just knowing that they were there if ever needed.
When
Wise women appeared to get too much respect, and admiration from the
community or towns' folk (more respect then the men of means and of stature) the men
found excuses to execute the
Wise women. Their primary accusation was that the Wise
ones were instruments of the devil and that was how they were able to do the healing in
the first place. Hundreds of thousands of women died this way between Europe and the
New World (North America) between the 13th century and the 17th centuries. This time
of atrocity is called the
Burning Times. It was a mass genocide that managed to escape
the history books. Most of the murders were directed by the authority of the churches.
They believed themselves bestowed by God to do so.


African American Magickal History

African Americans were in need of the services of the Wise since they did not have the
access to the medical establishment, or they did not have the money. Blacks also felt the
oppression of feeling powerless and they came to Wise ones to learn how to gain power.  
Blacks used the services of
Wise people between the times of the antebellum period and
the times after reconstruction. Wise people, who were African Americans were called
"Mama...," "Aunt..." or "Uncle..." and they practiced with the teachings that were passed
down from parent to child, or mentor to apprentice. Many practitioner practiced Hoodoo.
Many of the practitioners were so good that all type of folks (including people who were
not African American decent) came to seek their services, even if they had means and
access to a medical doctor.

Although Witchcraft has never faded from use Wicca  came into popularity, on the
American shores, from Europe, in the 1950's and 1960's during the
Renaissance of the
Feminine
. During that time women felt that the God inside of them was not addressed, and
they needed to fill the void in their spirituality. Some liberated African American women
turned to religions like Santeria, Voodun, Lucumi or other African diaspora to seek out the
Goddess. European American women found mentors like Gerald Gardner who is said to
have fathered modern Witchcraft in both Europe and in America.


So What is Wicca?

Wicca is the belief that the human spirit can achieve happiness, accomplishment and
balance through spiritual thought, determination and the alignment of the mind, body and
soul, while connecting to the Divine Source. Many Wiccans believe that this Divine
Source or Divine Spirit is
Goddess. Some believe it is God. Most believe it is a combination
of both Goddess and God-
two parts equaling one Divine Whole. This Divine Spirit is
understood to have many
aspects to petition. The practitioner's choice of deity is based on
their desires and their connection to that deity. These aspects are considered
lower gods.
Petitioning these deities while aligning one's own spirit is what Wiccans and Witches call
Magick.

Magick is the medium in which Witches\Wiccans stake out intentions, expand their human
abilities,  seek universal truths, and immerse themselves in the ecological beauty they call
Creation, Nature, Earth and the overall Universe. Wiccan Magick is performed by casting
spells and preforming rituals. Rituals are actions or rites. Wiccans preform rites to carry
out their intentions. Magick and rituals are often performed during the
Pagan Sabbats and
Esabbats, which are the pre-Christian and aged old holidays (holy days) of the Pagan and
or Witch calender. This calendar year is called the "Wheel of the Year".    

Wicca is an Earth-based spirituality. Wiccans believe that the Earth and all of the known
Universe is
God/dess creation - so it is sacred. Wiccans also believe in the unknown
Universes (time and space yet to be discovered). We believe we draw our powers through
the Universe(s).  Most Wiccans and Pagans believe that the Earth is a living breathing,
self-regenerating  and self-renewing entity with elements known and unknown. Wiccans
believe that all these primal elements are Magickal.  Wiccan philosophy is that these
elements are spiritual forces that are more than willing to work with the human energy to
bring about continuity, changes and newness. It is believed that the human energy and the
elemental forces are attracted to each other, and, like different parts of an atom, they
come together to create energy, matter and evolution. Wiccans believe that this energy can
be used to create
magickal workings.



The Three Folds Law
Wiccans believe in preforming Magick, but they also believe in harming no one when
doing so. Wiccans believe in a
three folds law that states doing harm to others, either in
Magick or without, comes back to the person preforming the action three times. Because
Wicca is considered the religion of the Wise we know that using Magick against others,
the earth and all living things is not prudent.

In a word-Wicca is also synonymous with harmony, and harmony is the Wiccan's quest.
We seek balance and harmony in all thing of Nature, ourselves and the Universe. We
desire to learn the ancient Magickal mysteries of the
"All" regardless if it is Eastern,
Western or any philosophy in between.  We do not fear searching for truth in other  
philosophies or in other books, because we know that it is natural to find truth in all
places, and not just one source. That is why some of us are also Buddhist, African rooted
religion, Jewish, Hindu, Muslim and yes Christian. Wicca inspires learning and truth and
encourages the seeker to seek, because after all the word does mean
Wise.

Question: What is the difference between Witches and Wiccans?

Believe it or not even some Witches are often confused about this. The answer is not cut
and dry, and many Wiccans and Witches debate the answers. The basic fact is that
Wiccans are Witches, but not all Witches are Wiccan. It is like Presbyterians are
Christians, but not all Christians are Presbyterians. Wiccans practice Witchcraft and
follow the
Wiccan Rede. The Rede is a list of core principles or standards. Other Witches
may respect the Rede but feel they do not need any restraint or dogmatic restrictions.
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